The reorganization of the I.R.A. began in the Gort area very cautiously about May 1917. Members were enrolled, picked according as the organizers thought the best material, and all drilling was carried out in secret. During this period, Company strength was not to exceed twenty men. The Company area now was the parish. Formerly, units were formed in villages. There were 9 companies in the Gort Battalion (or Gort Brigade); Gort, Derrybrien, Kilbeacanty, Beagh, Kinvara, Ballindereen, Ardrahan, Kilmacduagh and Kiltartan.
 Joseph Stanford Witness Statement, page 5